Past Events

  • Astro Seminar: "Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors for High Contrast Imaging"

    David Rittenhouse Laboratory, A4

    Benjamin Mazin (UCSB)

    Microwave Kinetic Inductance Detectors, or MKIDs, are superconducting detector arrays that can measure the energy and arrival time of individual optical through near-IR photons without read noise or dark current.  I will report on the promising commissioning and first science results of the first two MKID Integral Field Spectrographs (IFSs) for high contrast imaging, the DARKNESS/SDC instrument at Palomar and the MEC/SCExAO instrument on Subaru.  Future upgrades to integrate the MKID IFS as a focal plane wavefront sensor for implement active speckle nulling will be discuss

  • Math-Bio seminar: "Spatial statistics in bioimage analysis"

    318 Carolyn Lynch Laboratory

    Thibault Lagache, Columbia University

    New advances in fluorescence microscopy make possible the localization of thousands of molecules with nanometer resolution inside living cells. This calls for the development of new statistical tools in spatial analysis to characterize molecules' distribution, and the spatial coupling between different molecules in multi-color microscopy. We will present the tools that we have recently developed.

  • High Energy Seminar: "TBA"

    David Rittenhouse Laboratory, 2N36

    Thomas Faulkner (University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign)

  • Astro Seminar: "Kinetic Inductance Detectors for CMB Studies"

    David Rittenhouse Laboratory, A4

    Bradley Johnson (Columbia University)

    I will discuss recent results from our kinetic inductance detector development projects.  Kinetic inductance detectors are superconducting thin-film, GHz resonators that are designed to also be optimal photon absorbers.  This detector technology is particularly well-suited for the sub-kelvin, kilo-pixel detector arrays needed for CMB studies because each detector element can be dimensioned to have a unique resonant frequency, and the probe tones for hundreds to thousands of detectors can be carried into and out of the cryostat on a single pair of coaxial cables.

  • Math-Bio seminar: "Genetic manipulation of entire populations with CRISPR gene drives"

    318 Carolyn Lynch Laboratory

    Philipp Messer, Cornell University

    A functioning gene drive system could fundamentally change our strategies for the control of vector-borne diseases by facilitating rapid dissemination of transgenes that prevent pathogen transmission or reduce vector capacity. CRISPR/Cas9 gene drive promises such a mechanism, which works by converting cells that are heterozygous for a drive construct into homozygotes, thereby enabling super-Mendelian inheritance. Though CRISPR gene drive activity has already been demonstrated, a key obstacle for current systems is their propensity to generate resistance alleles.

  • Rittenhouse Lecture: "Early Results from Juno's Exploration of Jupiter"

    David Rittenhouse Laboratory, A8

    Scott Bolton, Southwest Research Institute

    NASA's Juno mission to Jupiter launched in 2011 and arrived at Jupiter on July 4, 2016.  Juno's scientific objectives include the study of Jupiter's interior, atmosphere and magnetosphere with the goal of understanding Jupiter's origin, formation and evolution.  As the largest and most massive planet in our solar system, Jupiter offers unique insight in the history of our solar system and how planetary systems in general form and evolve.  Juno's multidisciplinary study of Jupiter constrains the interior structure and atmospheric composition, investigates Jupiter's de

  • Math-Bio seminar: "Linear payoff relationships in repeated games"

    Carolyn Lynch Laboratory, 318

    Alex McAvoy, Harvard University

    In 2012, the study of the repeated Prisoner’s Dilemma was revitalized by the discovery of a new class of strategies known as “zero-determinant” (ZD) strategies. Through coercion, for example, ZD strategies allow a player to extort the opponent and obtain an unfair share of the payoffs. More generally, a player can use ZD strategies to unilaterally enforce linear relationships on expected payoffs, capturing classical fair strategies like tit-for-tat as well as extortionate and generous counterparts.

  • High Energy Seminar: "TBA"

    TBA

    Ruth Gregory (Durham University)

  • Math-Bio seminar: "Does antibiotic resistance evolve in hospitals?"

    318 Carolyn Lynch Laboratory

    Bernd Sturmfels, University of California, Berkeley

    We present a joint paper with Anna Seigal, Portia Mira and Miriam Barlow, aimed at addressing the question in the title. Nosocomial outbreaks of bacteria and the heavy usage of antibiotics suggest that resistance evolves in hospital environments. To test this assumption, we studied resistance phenotypes of bacteria collected from patient isolates at a community hospital. A graphical model analysis shows no association between resistance and patient information other than time of arrival. This allows us to focus on time course data.

  • Advances in Biomedical Optics: "Molecular Imaging of Breast Cancer: Clinical and Biologic Insights"

    Donner Auditorium, Basement, Donner Building, 3400 Spruce St.

    David Mankoff, Prof. of Radiology (UPenn)

    *These seminars are supported by the Biomedical Imaging and Spectroscopy Laboratory, the Center for Magnetic Resonance and Optical  Imaging, the Department of Radiology and the Department of Physics and Astronomy at the University of Pennsylvania.

    Organizers: Wesley Baker, Jeff Cochran, Bryan Chong, Tiffany Ko, and Arjun Yodh,

    Contact: Wesley Baker

    wbaker@sas.upenn.edu

     

    (Pizza will be served at 11:45 am)